Most Passiflora or Passion flowers need pollinators but some can also self pollinate.
Enter the nocturnal world of bats where they pollinate Passiflora with white flowers that often have a musky scent to attract them.
The most well known pollinators.
Their caterpillars are destructive pests but also adult butterflies may be occasional pollinators when drinking nectar.
More likely to be pollen thieves than pollinators for most Passiflora.
Fascinating highly specialised birds that pollinate some of the most spectacular Passiflora.
Some drink nectar from the flowers but it is unclear whether theyalso pollinate on their visits.
Nectar thieves and occasional pollinators on a few species.