Image © 2005 Dr Tatyana A. Lobova All rights reserved

Passiflora  Passion flowers РWasp pollinators

Tatyana A. Lobova comments, ”This shows P. edulis flowers being “robbed” by wasps in French Guiana. Just a few minutes after the flower opened at noon it was covered by small wasps getting the nectar. But they were obviously too small to pollinate the flower”

Some wasps do pollinate Passiflora, but more often they are nectar thieves, drilling holes in the side of the flowers. The Gallery image of P. sagasteguii is particularly interesting as the wasp appeared drugged by the nectar and stayed on the flower for two hours. Either alcohol as the nectar fermented or possibly an opiate or similar?